General Introduction

Pingyao was originally established some 2700 years ago, during the reign of King Xuan (827-782 BC) of the Western Zhou Dynasty. The original walls were made of tamped dirt and were located to the northeast of the present location. The current wall–faced with bricks and stone–was started in 1370, making it over 600 years old. It is often said that the city wall is shaped like a tortoise–a traditional Chinese symbol of longevity–with the south gate and north gate representing the head and tail respectively. The east and west walls each have two additional gates, representing the tortoise’s feet. A series of 72 watchtowers are distributed around the wall,  represent the Confucius` 72 sage disciples. The whole ancient city has 6163m in perimeter.only two rather short sections (accessible from the North and South gate respectively) can be walked, although they are well worth the birds-eye view of the old town.

Uniqueness

  • The whole wall originally started in 1370 Ming Dynasty over 600 years .
  • the city wall is shaped like a tortoise–a traditional Chinese symbol of longevity.
  • 72 watchtowers are distributed around the wall, represent the Confucius` 72 sage disciples.